My research interests gravitate towards the study of human language and of speech sounds, from a variety of intersecting perspectives. In particular, I am interested in speech production, sound change and computational modelling. For my PhD project (supervised by Dr Ricardo Bermúdez-Otero and Dr Patrycja Strycharczuk), I am currently investigating the effect of consonant voicing on vowel duration, using ultrasound tongue imaging and electroglottography.

My position regarding phonology can be summarised as follows:

  • it is a dynamic system (Thelen & Smith 2006, Vihman 2014)
  • it is part of a complex socio-cultural system (de Boer 2015, Foulkes & Docherty 2006, Thompson et al. 2016)
  • it is a complex physical system (Ohala 1990, 2005)
  • it is a complex neuro-cognitive system
    • it is rich in details (Johnson 1997, Pierrehumbert 2001, Bybee 2002)
    • it is self-organising and emergent (Wedel 2007, 2011)

I also consider these statements as extendable to language as a holistic system.

Academic interests

  • Phonetics and Phonology (PhonPhon)
  • Language description
  • Typology and Diachronic linguistics
  • Phonology–morphosyntax interaction
  • Graphemics
  • Computer science and technology
  • Data science


de Boer, Bart. 2015. Biology, culture, evolution and the cognitive nature of sound systems. Journal of Phonetics 53. 79–87.

Bybee, Joan. 2002. Phonological evidence for exemplar storage of multiword sequences. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 24(02). 215–221.

Foulkes, Paul & Gerard Docherty. 2006. The social life of phonetics and phonology. Journal of Phonetics 34(4). 409–438.

Johnson, Keith. 1997. Speech perception without speaker normalization: An exemplar model. In Keith Johnson & John W. Mullenix (eds.), Talker variability in speech processing, 145–165. San Diego, California: Academic Press.

Ohala, John J. 1990. There is no interface between phonology and phonetics: a personal view. Journal of phonetics 18(2). 153–172.

Ohala, John J. 2005. The marriage of phonetics and phonology. Acoustical science and technology 26(5). 418–422.

Pierrehumbert, Janet B. 2001. Exemplar dynamics: word frequency, lenition and contrast. In Joan L. Bybee & Paul J. Hopper (eds.), Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure, 137–157. Amsterdam Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Thelen, Esther & Linda B. Smith. 2006. Dynamic systems theories. In Richard M. Lerner (ed.), Handbook of child psychology, 258–312. Wiley & Soons.

Thompson, Bill, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith. 2016. Culture shapes the evolution of cognition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113(16). 4530–4535.

Vihman, Marilyn May. 2014. Phonological development: The first two years. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Wedel, Andrew B. 2007. Feedback and regularity in the lexicon. Phonology 24(01). 147–185.

Wedel, Andrew B. 2011. Self-organization in phonology. In Ewen C. J. Hume E. van Oostendorp, Marc & Keren Rice (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Phonology, vol. 1, 130–147. Blackwell, Oxford.